On the other hand, believers belong to Christ by purchase (1 Corinthians 6:20; 1 Peter 1:18; Ephesians 1:7), and own Him as absolute Master. (c) Appointed by God to preach the gospel. Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God. It is applied to the prophets as those who were honored by God, or especially entrusted by him with office; Deuteronomy 34:5; Joshua 1:2; Jeremiah 25:4. (2) if these things were promised - predicted in the Old Testament, then Christianity is true. Lit., bond-servant or slave. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] This verse continues Paul's introduction, including three important phrases. The law he is writing about here is obviously the Ten Commandments. The ambiguous genitive, the gospel of God, seems to mean, “the gospel which proceeds from God,” “of which God is the author;” not “of which God is the object.”. The NASB is used but other translations can be … That he did not take this honour to himself, but was thereunto appointed and called of God. The verb ἐπαγγέλλομαι; means more than to proclaim. 1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God, 2 (Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,) 3 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh; a. I commend to you Phoebe our sister: Paul certainly knew the value of what women could do in serving the church. What does the living sacrifice mean in Romans 12:1? Of moral choice, 1Cor 7:37 2Cor 9:7. On ἅγιος holy, see on Acts 26:10. When and Where this Epistle was written we have the means of determining with great precision, from the Epistle itself compared with the Acts of the Apostles. Nor are indications wanting that some of those embraced in the salutations of this Epistle were Christians already of long standing, if not among the earliest converts to the Christian faith. He never regarded it as obsolete, or useless. It occurs frequently, and always in the sense of profess or promise. Set apart to this, as the special, great work of my life; as having no other object for which I should live. Referring to the headings which we have prefixed to its successive sections, as best exhibiting the progress of the argument and the connection of its points, we here merely note that its first great topic is what may be termed the legal relation of man to God as a violator of His holy law, whether as merely written on the heart, as in the case of the heathen, or, as in the case of the Chosen People, as further known by external revelation; that it next treats of that legal relation as wholly reversed through believing connection with the Lord Jesus Christ; and that its third and last great topic is the new life which accompanies this change of relation, embracing at once a blessedness and a consecration to God which, rudimentally complete already, will open, in the future world, into the bliss of immediate and stainless fellowship with God. It is applied because the apostles were sent out by Jesus Christ to preach his gospel, and to establish his church; Matthew 10:2 note; Luke 6:13 note. Romans 1. Such is the great change wrought in repentance, it is conversion, and is needed by every human being. A servant - This name was what the Lord Jesus himself directed His disciples to use, as their general appellation; Matthew 10:25; Matthew 20:27; Mark 10:44. The work of the law is written on the heart, Romans 2:15 . Rev., He promised afore. ", Separated unto the gospel of God (ἀφωρισμένος εἰς εὐαγγέλιον Θεοῦ). Hence, he appeals here so often to the Old Testament; and defends every point by the authority of the Bible. This is something he longed for, and desired for his Jewish brothers as well as Gentiles (Romans 1:16). Acts 26:22-23, "saying none other things than those which the prophets and Moses did say should come," etc. Or else in respect of his singular and miraculous conversion: by reason of which, he thought himself so obliged to Christ, that he wholly addicted or devoted himself to his service. which He promised before by His prophets in holy writ. When God calls he makes what he calls. ROMANS 4:1-25 THIS chapter beautifully connects with all that precedes it. Others of them who had made the apostle's acquaintance elsewhere, and who, if not indebted to him for their first knowledge of Christ, probably owed much to his ministrations, seemed to have charged themselves with the duty of cherishing and consolidating the work of the Lord in the capital. As he sat, he heard children playing a game and they called out to each other these words: “Take up and read! Within this context is the Bible's definition of what God means by circumcision. of God—that is, the Gospel of which God is the glorious Author. by his prophets, Isaiah and others, "afore" the Apostle Paul was called forth to be a preacher of it; which promise, or promises of it, lie. He never undervalued it. (3) that it depended on no vague and loose tradition, but was recorded, so that people might examine for themselves. Called to be an apostle - This word called means here not merely to be invited, but has the sense of appointed. Paul applies the term to himself, Galatians 1:10; Philippians 1:1; Titus 1:1; and frequently to express the relation of believers to Christ. The practice of adopting Gentile names may be traced through all the periods of Hebrew history. And how, if so, is there no salutation to Peter among the many in this Epistle? Romans 1:1-2. Separated; either from his mother's womb, in the purpose of God, Gal 1:15; so Jeremiah of old, Jer 1:5. For the meaning of the word "gospel," see the note at Matthew 1:1. The Greek, κλητος αποστολος, is literally, a called apostle, or an apostle called, namely, expressly, as the other apostles were. (a) Minister, for this word servant is not taken in this place as set against the word freeman, but rather refers to and declares his ministry and office. Or else it may have respect to Act 13:2, where the Holy Ghost did actually order he should be separated for the work to which he had called him. But as, in addition to this, the prophets and kings of Israel were officially "the servants of the Lord" (Jos 1:1; Ps 18:1, title), the apostles call themselves, in the same official sense, "the servants of Christ" (as here, and Php 1:1; Jas 1:1; 2Pe 1:1; Jude 1), expressing such absolute subjection and devotion to the Lord Jesus as they would never have yielded to a mere creature. : Galatians 1:12-24; 2 Corinthians 12:12; 1 Timothy 2:7; 2 Timothy 1:11; Romans 11:13. Circumcision is broadly defined as "when one keeps the law. Up to the date of it the apostle had never been at Rome (Ro 1:11, 13, 15). Unto the gospel of God.—Singled out and set apart to convey the message of salvation from God to man. This sacrifice must be unfermented or unleavened (without sin). (Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,). An apostle - One sent to execute a commission. Only here in the New Testament. The Apostle Paul wrote in Titus 1:1-2, “ Paul, a servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus Christ, according to the faith of God’s elect, and the acknowledging of the truth which is after godliness; In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began.” Romans 1:2. ὃ προεπηγγείλατο. # 16:19; 1 Thes 1:8. The apostle speaks in the language of his nation, for the Jews frequently call the Bible, writings, Holy Ones; "for", say they, , "all the Scriptures are holy" (c), and style them, , "Scriptures of holiness", or holy Scriptures (d). “Romans 1.1-5 and Paul’s Christological Use of Hab. God’s Good News Concerning His Son. Here, Paul introduced himself to the Romans Christians by addressing three important characteristic of his apostleship. Undoubtedly, he could think of n… He wished to show them, and the remainder of his countrymen, that the Christian religion was built on the foundation of their prophets, and their acknowledged writings. called to be an apostle—when first he "saw the Lord"; the indispensable qualification for apostleship. Compare Hebrews 1:1. So doing, he would disarm their prejudice, and furnish a proof of the truth of religion. We may see here. 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