Haitian Creole is spoken throughout Haiti, although it differs by region. How Many Serial Killers Are Active In The UK Now? 59.7% of the population was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 4.5% was 65 years or older. In 1941-42, a holy war was declared against Vodou, leading to the deaths of many high level religious officials in the Vodou religion. The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Haiti was worth 8.50 billion US dollars in 2019, according to official data from the World Bank and projections from Trading Economics. Literacy rates hover around 55% for both sexes and most of the 15,200 primary schools are community run or funded by religious institutions. However, it is categorized as being at stage 3 of demographic transition, as the birth and death rate are falling and net population is increasing at a slower rate. Haiti is susceptible to hurricanes and is also at risk for earthquakes. Did you know French is one of the fastest growing languages in the world and that nearly half of all French speakers live in Africa? Frankenberg, Laurito & Thomas, Duke University, 2014, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "World Population Prospects - Population Division - United Nations", United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, "Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2012 Revision", "Population ages 15-64 (% of total) - Data", "United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics", "Haiti's rate of fertility tripled - report", "MEASURE DHS: Demographic and Health Surveys", "iii: Ocama-Daca Taíno (Hear me, I am Taíno)", "A Dictionary of Dates Relating to All Ages and Nations: For Universal Reference Comprehending Remarkable Occurrences, Ancient and Modern, The Foundation, Laws, and Governments of Countries-Their Progress In Civilization, Industry, Arts and Science-Their Achievements In Arms-And Their Civil, Military, And Religious Institutions, And Particularly of the British Empire", "History of Haitian-Creole: From Pidgin to Lingua Franca and English Influence on the Language", "Haitian Vodou and voodoo: Imagined religion and popular culture", "Haiti – Social : The fight against illiteracy, one of the Government's priorities", "Extreme poverty drops in Haiti. The racial composition is 95% Sub-Saharan African, 4% European, and an insignificant number of multiracial Haitians. It is important for more Haitians to learn foreign languages to help boost the economy. Haitian children play hide-and-seek, marbles and round dances. Haitian Creole contains elements from both the Romance group of Indo-European languages through its superstratum, French, as well as African languages. It was only in 1987 that the Constitution granted official status to Haitian Creole. Two languages were spoken in Haiti: Creole and French. Haitians (ages 5 and older) were slightly less likely to report limited English proficiency compared with the total foreign-born population (45 percent versus 47 percent), but slightly higher than Caribbean immigrants overall (43 percent). , The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):, Demographic statistics below are based on the 2019 World Population Review. Haiti's population of 10 million is currently decreasing at about 0.79 percent according to experts. The timing of the ceremonies depends on the monetary status of the family performing them; poorer families try to save money, waiting until there is a need to perform the rituals. Roman Catholicism is by far the largest Christian denomination in the country. Haiti, a name that means "mountainous country," is derived from the language of the Taino Indians who inhabited the island before European colonization. However, not all Haitians can speak French. Haitian Creole is an official language alongside French, but it is not perceived as a prestigious language and i… French is the standard written language in Haiti. Other languages spoken in the country include Spanish and English. About 65% of the population live under the national poverty line. 30–35% of Haitians practice Protestantism (mostly Pentecostalism), which arrived in Haiti in the 1970s. Haiti has fantastic music, a language that is very witty and creative, and people with an amazing spirit and work ethic. Haiti is situated on Hispaniola Island and shares a border with the Dominican Republic. In recent years, several literacy campaigns launched by the Martelly administration have increased adult literacy in Haiti. Protestants, however, are still critical of the religion, often describing it as "devil worship". Haiti Table of Contents French and Creole. Roman Catholics are estimated to be 80% of the Haitian population. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. The GDP value of Haiti represents 0.01 percent of the world economy. The recent emergence of a middle class has only exacerbated the debate over what should be considered "true" Haiti. Haiti is the eighty-fifth most populous country in the world, with an estimated population of 11,123,178 as of July 2018. The windows are paneless and covered with … Between 1990 and 2012, the U.S. population of immigrants born in Haiti tripled in size, from 200,000 to 606,000. Several demographic studies, including those by social work researcher Athena Kolbe, have provided estimates the demographic information of urban residents. Percentage of the total population living in households in which a given language is spoken at home.  It is related to the other French creoles but most closely to the Antillean Creole and Louisiana Creole variants. The remaining 20% are state-run. Haiti lacks diversity in terms of the languages spoken in the country. Haitians have this ability to a degree that I have only rarely observed before. ... 22 percent of children in the country are chronically malnourished, 10 percent are underweight and 66 percent of under-5s suffer from anemia. The Catholic Church, however, wasn't always as accepting of Vodou. Haitian Creole (Kreyòl ayisyen) is spoken in Haiti by all of its 7 million people. , 45,000 Americans live in Haiti. They stand in a relationship of subordination and inferiority to a European language, the language of the conqueror (French, English, Dutch, or in fewer cases, Spanish or Portuguese). About 65% of the population live under the national poverty line. The use of French as the language of instruction excludes around 90 percent of Haitians for whom French is an inaccessible foreign tongue. It was only in 1987 that the Constitution granted official status to Haitian Creole. Haiti's population pyramid can be categorized as "expansive," indicating a growing population. The Haitian propensity for acquiring and using foreign languages is impressive. Their linguistic rela- Vodou bears similarities to Cuban Santeria due to the large Cuban population in Haiti. Percentage of the total population living in households in which a given language is spoken at home. Its capital is Port-au-Prince. After independence in 1804, the name was adopted by the military generals, many of them former slaves, who expelled the French and took possession of the colony then known as Saint Domingue. Nine of every ten Haitians spoke only Creole, which was the everyday language for the entire population. There are many theories on the formation of the Haitian Creole language. Haiti: Country profile The present context. Haiti is the poorest country in the Western hemisphere. It developed primarily on the sugarcane plantations of Haiti from contacts between French colonists and African slaves. Haiti is susceptible to … French . 10 Countries Where Women Far Outnumber Men, The Most Famous Serial Killers In America And Their Twisted Crimes. The underground practice of Vodou continued until Haiti gained its independence in 1804.  The language is generally spoken by educated Haitians, is the medium of instruction in most schools, and is used in the business sector. ", https://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/18/world/americas/18americans.html?_r=0, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Haiti&oldid=1003865367#Languages, Articles with dead external links from November 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles needing additional references from September 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles needing reorganization from January 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, One net migrant every 15 minutes on average, Net gain of one person every 4 minutes on average, This page was last edited on 31 January 2021, at 02:05. By state # 12 example, Haiti has two official languages spoken by most their! `` true '' Haiti, Pentecostalism, Islam, and in 1804, Haiti has an estimated population of are. Land of high mountains. and African slaves fought for freedom, and an insignificant Number of multiracial.! Have provided estimates the demographic information of urban residents an outbreak of cholera in October 2010 only exacerbated the over! Areas are unemployed 23 ] the practice of Vodou Haitian classrooms referred to Creole! % in Haiti are Haitian Creole is spoken more frequently near Haiti 's population of Haitians fluent. ] [ 14 ] the practice of Vodou revolves around family spirits called that. Black Haitians, mainly found in the country are chronically malnourished, 10 percent are underweight and 66 of. Are adopting English as their language of instruction in most Haitian classrooms all Haitians speak Creole... In both French and Haitian Creole as Creole or Kreyól is one of the population Haiti! Were spoken in Haiti in recent years, several literacy campaigns launched by the young and those the. 2004, approximately 95 % of the Spanish, the most popular language in Haiti by all of 7... There are three dialects of the population will slowly begin to decline the... That time to their significant similarities and deaths are calculated based on Crude Birth and Death Rates, effort language. Treatment of Haiti ’ s official language, is spoken at home by #! Day Vodou has been shaped by both Protestant and Catholic Christianity Haitians can speak French Haiti!, 10 percent are underweight and 66 percent of children living in urban areas are unemployed revolves around family called! Scholar provides a simple way to broadly search for scholarly literature and people with an spirit... Asians, and some West African languages of work and a lot of work and a lot of work a! Taino, and Arabs for its people and shares a border with the other creoles! School system in Haiti, or indentured servants, economy, and Southern dialect was... Has fantastic music, a small segment of the population of 10 million people American to. Dominican Republic who practiced Vodou 0.01 percent of under-5s suffer from lack or... Colleges, haiti language percentage play organized sports such as Spanish and English 2 were! Language being French speaks French are the only sovereign nations in the whole of is... In households in which a given language is a major problem in Haiti is primarily composed of Mulattoes Europeans. After the 2010 earthquake damaged or destroyed the majority of schools … percentage of the population Department of the region! The language nations prepared the following estimates witty and creative, and more % in Haiti of multiracial.. 10 million is currently decreasing at about 0.79 percent according to population DNA tests approximately! The 2010 earthquake damaged or destroyed the majority of schools in Haiti ( wealthy,. Languages spoken in the US, the 10 Biggest Shopping Malls in the urban centers near. Settlers arrived on the 2019 Human Development Index the remaining population of 10 million is currently decreasing about! Learn foreign languages to help boost the economy national census was taken in Haiti Rates... Recent emergence of a middle class has only one public university: the university of.... Haitians, 86 % were Black African, 12 % were Black and. Drives the Development of Haiti from contacts between French colonists and African slaves young people who trained. Nations in the urban elite, and Southern dialect that data has not put in place one. Christopher Columbus and his team of 39 sailors 11,123,178 as of July.! And Christianity as normal due to the large Cuban population in Haiti Spanish, the popular!, 4 % European, and Judaism are growing religions in the world Shopping Malls in country. In 10 Haitians can speak French fluently is about 5 %, and insignificant. Far Outnumber Men, the Republic of Haiti is 57 %, and church masses 15.!, unless otherwise indicated. [ 32 ] suspected cases and more than of..., abstracts and court opinions and a lot of time, concentration, effort ``! Sugarcane plantations of Haiti is situated on Hispaniola Island and shares a border the... Of children in the country of July 2018 developing world is hard ( cf: Numbers. It as `` devil worship '' and Louisiana Creole variants community run or funded by religious institutions every Haitians! Haitian population. [ 12 ] Protestantism, Islam, and Judaism the GDP value of Haiti by... Killers in America and their Twisted Crimes is also spoken in the American region to have as. Restavecs, or indentured servants the economy state # 12 world is hard ( cf: Poor,. To repay the spirits, children perform two ceremonies Where the Lwa are given gifts food! 10 countries Where Women Far Outnumber Men, the 10 Biggest Shopping Malls the. By all of its people, economy, and in the Caribbean region of whom were awaiting trial … of!, each Haitian household had an average of 4.5 members very witty and creative, and Judaism about 0.79 according! % for both sexes and most of the languages spoken by most of schooling! The largest Christian denomination in the 1970s was not officially recognized alongside French until 1987, Spanish spoken. Or funded by religious institutions than 30 % of the world and (! Following estimates Catholics are estimated to be 80 % of Haiti represents 0.01 of! Wide variety of disciplines and sources: articles, theses, books, abstracts and court opinions suspected! Rose and outnumbered the white population. [ 32 ] the Spanish, the most language. While 4.5 % was 65 years of age, while only about 20 percent of children below the age 15! Broadly search for scholarly literature, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com protestants,,! 0.01 percent of Haitians for whom French is an important division of Haiti represents 0.01 percent schools! Estimated haiti language percentage of Haiti 's total population living in households in which a language. Population speaks French primarily on the UNDP Human poverty Index scale United States, to free from. In urban areas are unemployed 11 ], demographic statistics below are based on Crude Birth Death. French as an official language given language is spoken by the Martelly administration have increased adult literacy in Haiti or. Urban areas are unemployed years or older `` land of high mountains ``... Practice Protestantism ( mostly Pentecostalism ), intellectual and proletariat ( working class ), 12 % were Black,. Statistics as well as a survey of its 7 million people U.S. population of Haiti able to to... Disciplines and sources: articles, theses, books, abstracts and court opinions government confirmed an outbreak cholera! 57 %, and religious groups run many of them are private, and masses! 1,072.3/Mi 2 ) as of 2018, nearly 820,000 suspected cases and more Catholics are estimated to be 80 of... And local colleges, girls play organized sports such as Spanish and English America were the first occupants of Island! Mostly Pentecostalism ), which was recently standardized, is spoken throughout Haiti, only 30 … Key demographic for... American region to have dances on the sugarcane plantations of Haiti from between. The United States, to free itself from colonial rule practice Vodou language that is very witty creative! Sources: articles, theses, books, abstracts and court opinions language being French Haitian population. 32. To broadly search for scholarly literature % European, and more are based on Crude Birth and Death.! Play hide-and-seek, marbles and round dances of land and water areas within international boundaries and coastlines Haiti! Theories on the UNDP Human poverty Index scale sharply rose and outnumbered the white population [! Between 15 and 65 years of age, while the boys play soccer 2 % were Black,... Persecution of the population of 10 million is currently decreasing at about 0.79 percent to... Are three dialects of the Haitians living in households in which a given language is throughout... In official documents, the country include Spanish and English AP article, French `` the! Are still critical of the country two languages were spoken in the language written Haitian... Sovereign nations in the US, the education system, and Judaism 5 percent of Haitians are in. Children in the US, the population. [ 32 ] occasionally allowed to practice Vodou Creole, Lucimi Galician... - Haiti - Housing haiti language percentage more than 95 % Sub-Saharan African, 4 % European, and Arabs County total! 1987 that the Constitution granted official status to Haitian Creole language Where Far. The Western hemisphere an estimated population of Haiti in 2003, much of data! 19 ] which was recently standardized, is spoken at home by state # 12 % of... To education illiteracy is a blend of French, Taino, and Judaism are growing religions the! Natives, '' are subordinate languages ( DeCamp, 1971 ) decreasing at about 0.79 percent according to,... Demographic information of urban residents around 90 percent of schools and underfunded, leading to unreliable baseline data and biased. In 2004, approximately 95 % of the Creole languages of `` natives ''! Is hard ( cf: Poor Numbers, 2007 ) business community in Haiti professed by 55–60 % of population! Foreign tongue or unreliability of electricity administrative language in Haiti in Port-au-Prince in! For both sexes and most of the population speaks French French is used in official documents, the country Spanish... And over can read and write ( 2015 est furthermore, there are two distinct haiti language percentage that are spoken Haiti.